If you hold a valid driving license from one of the European Economic Area (EEA) countries, you can use it to drive in Sweden. Licenses issued in the US are also valid in Sweden, but if your document does not have a picture of you on it you will need to carry a separate photo ID. The same rules apply for Australian and Canadian drivers.
If you come from an EU country, your driver's license is valid for as long as it would be valid in your home country. If you are a non-EU citizen, your driver's license will generally be valid for up to a year. After that, most nationalities will have to acquire a Swedish driver's license.
How to Exchange your Foreign Driver’s License for a Swedish Driver’s License
You can convert your foreign driver’s license to a Swedish driver’s license, into a local one ' provided it is recognized in Sweden and you are a permanent resident. You will need to fill an application for 'exchange of foreign driver's license' (Ansökan om utbyte av utländskt Körkort), which is available on the Swedish Transport Agency website. Note that a Swedish Civic Number and a postal address in Sweden are required for this process.
Visit Transportstyrelsen, The Swedish Transport Agency, for the latest information.
The Swedish Transport Agency.
Note: Information may not be up to date. Please check official government information for latest laws and regulations.